The Ultimate Legal Terminology Quiz
“Alibi” is a Latin word meaning...
- Not guilty
- Responsible party
- In another place
If a person is acquitted of a crime, what does that mean?
- They are innocent.
- There is not enough evidence to support a conviction.
- They will need to be tried again.
- They have been convicted of the crime of which they have been charged.
If a judge allows the accused person to leave jail before the trial without paying any money, it is called a ______ bond.
- Own Recognizance
- Free Bird
A person has been acquitted. They walk out of the courthouse and proclaim to the media that they just got away with murder. Why wouldn’t they be able to stand trial again?
- The media is not trustworthy.
- The statement cannot be proven.
- Another trial would be too expensive.
- It would violate double jeopardy.
A person is sentenced to a 20-year sentence for each of two counts. The judge tells the defendant that the sentences will be served concurrently. What is the maximum amount of time the defendant will spend behind bars?
- 10 years
- 20 years
- 40 years
A defendant in a civil court case has been ordered to pay ______ damages, which means they have to pay a specified amount of money as a punishment in addition to the injury caused to the plaintiff.
- Is a serious crime and often requires jail time.
- Is less serious than a misdemeanor.
- Is a minor crime that often results in a fine.
- Lets the judge know it is the accused person’s first offense.
Who is responsible for determining if enough probable cause exists for an accused person to stand trial?
- The arresting officer
- The judge who would be presiding over the trial
- The District Attorney
- The grand jury
“Habeas corpus” is a Latin phrase meaning “You have the body.” What does a writ of habeas corpus do in court?
- It requires a murder suspect to reveal what they did with the body.
- It keeps an accused person from being tried for murder without a body.
- It requires law enforcement to produce a prisoner and explain what that person needs to remain in prison.
- It requires a prison to release the body of an executed prisoner to the family within 24 hours.
You have the right to remain silent is part of the ______ rights, which police are officers to give when they place a person under arrest.
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Legal terminology can be confusing if you're just getting started. Many terms are derived from Latin words. If you don’t understand them, you may not completely understand what police officers, lawyers and judges say in court. Find out how much you really know by taking the Ultimate Legal Terminology Quiz.