Test Your Native American History Knowledge!
The story of how the United States came to be can’t be told without telling the story of the Native Americans who lived there first. The many tribes that flourished throughout North American have a rich culture, and their history is one that we should all remember. Take our quiz to see just how much you know about the Native Americans of North America!
What was George Washington's vision for the Native American population?
- Assimilate them and have them become U.S. citizens
- Have them moved to another continent
- Ignore them and hope they would go away
Disease was a major contributing factor to the decrease in population of Native Americans when the Europeans settled in North America. Which of the following diseases did Europeans bring with them?
The terms "Native American" and "American Indian" are used in the United States. What term besides "Native Americans" is used in Canada to refer to Native Americans?
- First Nations
- Native Canadians
- Canadian Indians
Where did the term "Indian" come from?
- The first settlers were from India
- Christopher Columbus thought he had landed in the East Indies
- Explorers thought the native peoples looked like they were from India
Which tribe helped Lewis and Clark on their journey to explore the Northwest Territory?
- Nez Pierce
About how many Native Americans served during WWI despite not being U.S. citizens?
What was the Ghost Dance?
- A ritual dance intended to restore the way life was before white settlers
- A dance that summoned spirits of ancestors
- A ritual that helped to prepare warriors for fights against the U.S. military
What tribe was Geronimo from?
Who did Sacajawea help to guide through the Northwest Territory?
- Lewis and Clark
- Henry Hudson
- Jacques Cartier
Which of the following animals did Europeans bring to the Americas that the Native Americans had not seen before?
Which tribe lived in longhouses?
What is Sitting Bull famous for?
- He married the sister of Martha Washington
- He founded the first Indian reservation
- He had a vision that led to the defeat of George Custer
What President oversaw the Trail of Tears?
- Thomas Jefferson
- Abraham Lincoln
- Andrew Jackson
How did European settlers use germ warfare against the Native Americans?
- They gave Native Americans blankets infected with smallpox
- They used crude chemical bombs during battles
- They refused to treat sick Native Americans in their hospitals
What were the Five Civilized Tribes?
- Five tribes that adopted white culture and were considered more civilized
- Five tribes that spoke only English
- Five tribes granted permission to keep their ancestral lands
Which tribe did the settlers at Plymouth Rock meet?
Who was Pocahontas?
- She is credited with saving Captain John Smith's life
- She led Lewis and Clark on their North American exploration
- She helped facilitate the Louisiana Purchase
What is Tecumseh famous for?
- He fought as an ally of the British in the War of 1812
- He fought in the Battle of Little Bighorn
- He led an attack on William Tecumseh Sherman's troops
Which of the following tribes fought on the side of the British during the Revolutionary War?
Where did the Pueblo Indians live?
- Great Plains
- Northwest Territory
Which of the following states does not have a name rooted in a Native American language?
- New York
Which of the following tribes did Christopher Columbus meet on his first voyage?
What form of communication did Plains Indians use to communicate with other tribes and pass down stories?
- Sign language
Great Plains Indians hunted which of the following game?
- Polar bears
What were tomahawks NOT used for?
- Skinning animals
- Hand-to-hand combat
South American tribes used poison from what animal to fortify their weapons?
- Poison dart frog
- Blue-ringed octopus
During the Colonial wars, officials from Connecticut and Massachusetts offered bounties for the heads of indigenous people. Later, the bounty was offered for what part of the body?
Where were Spanish horses first introduced in the Americas?
A Native American wrote the terms of surrender between the United States and the Confederate States. What was his name?
- Ely S. Parker
- Sitting Bull
- Charles Eastman
What did Warren G. Harding do after the end of WWI?
- Offered citizenship for Native Americans who served
- Promised to return ancestral lands back to Native Americans
- Offered an apology for the Trail of Tears
Why did a group of native Americans take over Alcatraz prison?
- The Treaty of Fort Laramie stated out-of-use federal land was to be returned to Native Americans
- They were protesting incarceration rates of Native Americans
- They hoped to create a community center in the abandoned prison
What role did the Navajo Code Talkers play in WWII?
- They created a code used by the armed forces that could not be cracked
- They translated commands to Native American troops
- They served as air traffic control tower workers during the war
Charles Eastman was one of the first Native Americans to become certified as what?
- A doctor
- A financial planner
Where did the term Buffalo Solder come from?
- Native Americans gave the term to African American regiments fighting in the Civil War
- It referred to warriors who war buffalo headdresses
- It was a term used for people who hunted buffalo
Where was the Black Hawk War fought?
- Illinois and Michigan Territory
- The Great Plains
- New Mexico
Which of the following are not considered to be Alaskan Natives and not Native Americans?
- Coeur D'Alene
The Indian Appropriations Act authorized the creation of Indian reservations in what year?
How did the Homestead Act impact the Native Americans?
- Tribes were forced off their ancestral lands to make room for homesteaders
- Native Americans were given small business loans to open shops in areas where homesteaders settled
- Native Americans were given free land to farm
What is Crazy Horse known for?
- Led the victory at the Battle of Little Bighorn
- Led a surprise attack at the Alamo
- Helped fight banditos at the Mexican border
Before his famous last stand, George Custer served in what war?
- War of 1812
- American Revolutionary War
- Civil War